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The IDPH Division of Behavioral Health and ISAIC are collaborating to highlight the latest substance abuse and problem gambling news and research in a weekly newsletter format. [Join mailing list] [Read archived editions]
At least 50 to 75 percent of Americans seeking treatment for a substance abuse problem also have a co-occurring mental health disorder, according to the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT). However, training of professionals for treating dual diagnoses in the field is not as frequent as its prevalence among Americans.
The definition is the product of a year-long effort by SAMHSA and a wide range of partners in the behavioral health care community to develop a working definition of recovery that captures the essential, common experiences of those recovering from mental disorders and substance use disorders.
The NSDUH is the primary source of information on the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco in the civilian, non-institutionalized population of the United States age 12 or older. The survey is also a source of national estimates on mental health measures such as serious mental illness, other mental illness, depression, and treatment.
Young adults between the ages of 18 and 25 report the highest rates of substance use and dependence, according to the National Survey on Drug Use & Health. A new study from the University of Missouri found that rural adolescents who engage in pro-social behaviors, such as volunteering and helping others, are less likely to use substances as young adults. [Read Article]
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Based on just two questions from a newly released guide, health care professionals could spot children and teenagers at risk for alcohol-related problems. Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention for Youth: A Practitioner's Guide is now available for order or download from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health.
A report released by the Iowa Department of Public Health (IDPH) concludes that while Iowa's percentage of pathological gambling remains low (about one percent), the percentage of Iowans who are at risk for developing a gambling problem is high (13.1 percent). Of the 1,700 Iowans interviewed for Gambling Attitudes and Behaviors: A 2011 Survey of Adult Iowans, 91 percent reported having gambled ever in their lives, and 69 percent reported gambling in the past 12 months. If you or someone you know needs help with a gambling problem, call 1-800-BETS-OFF or visit www.1800betsoff.org.
New Definition of Addiction Released
The American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) has released a new definition of addiction highlighting addiction as a chronic brain disorder rather than simply a behavioral problem involving too much alcohol, drugs, gambling or sex.
This the first time ASAM has taken an official position that addiction is not solely related to problematic substance use. "At its core, addiction isn't just a social problem or a moral problem or a criminal problem. It's a brain problem whose behaviors manifest in all these other areas," said Dr. Michael Miller, past president of ASAM who oversaw the development of the new definition. "Many behaviors driven by addiction are real problems and sometimes criminal acts. But the disease is about brains, not drugs. It's about underlying neurology, not outward actions." To see the entire press release, visit the ASAM website at www.asam.org.
[Reprinted from asac action newsletter]
Emphasizing Downside of Drinking Doesn't Persuade College Students, Experts Say
From the Newsroom. Read more...
Synthetic Drugs (K2, Spice, Bath Salts) Legislation
According to a press release from the ODCP, Iowa Governor Terry Branstad, on July 29, "signed into law legislation (SF 510) that outlaws newer and potentially dangerous drugs. The new law classifies synthetic designer drugs known as synthetic cannabinoids and so called "bath salts" as Schedule One Controlled Substances in the State of Iowa. The new designation means these products have no medicinal value and are illegal to sell, manufacture, or possess. The new law also applies to the organic drug Salvia divinorum.
"The penalty for the manufacture, delivery or possession with intent to deliver any of these substances is an aggravated misdemeanor. The penalty for possession of these substances is a serious misdemeanor.
"Synthetic cannabinoids—such as K2—can cause vomiting, elevated blood pressure, seizures, anxiety, intense hallucinations and panic attacks. So-called "bath salts"—such as MDPV—can cause rapid heartbeats, elevated blood pressure, hallucinations, paranoia, depression and violence. Salvia divinorum can cause dizziness, impairment, hallucinations, depression and schizophrenia.
"Criminal penalties for violation of the synthetic cannabinoids such as K-2, Spice are effective immediately. Legislative language seems to suggest that criminal penalties for bath salts and salvia will take effect thirty days from today, giving retail sellers time to transfer the newly banned products to the Iowa Department of Public Safety for destruction. Others have interpreted this legislation to make criminal penalties for bath salts and salvia effective sixty-days after enactment. Please see an analysis by Assistant Iowa Attorney General Pete Grady for further information on the effective for bath salts and Saliva. Iowa's new law banning all three substances and the analysis by assistant Attorney General Grady are available at the Governor's Office of Drug Control Policy (ODCP) website."
Drugfreeinfo has updated resources on K2/spice.